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Fermented compost versus traditional compost

An independent scientific study that compares traditional composting (oxidization) of manure with fermentation of manure using the bokashi method shows the latter has significant advantages. The carbon footprint is presented on page 17.

The results from the two methods are somewhat different. The study shows that composting of conventional manure releases significant amounts of energy in the form of greenhouse gases while fermentation conserves energy and nitrogen in the manure.

The following was observed in compost made using the fermentation method:

— The energy in manure is retained during fermentation and stimulates the probiotic soil microbes when applied to agricultural land. This makes the soil more fertile.

— Much of the nitrogen in the manure is conserved during fermentation, which significantly improves the NPK balance. (Nitrogen in the traditional compost is converted to gases such as nitrous oxide, a highly aggressive greenhouse gas.) 

– Greenhouse gases are are fixated and can be returned to farmland.

Read the report: Fermentation versus composting

 

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Flash flood and all the debris.

(ေအာက္မွာျမန္မာလိုပါေသးတယ္ေနာ္ )

We were caught in a flash flood one day and were surprised by all the palm leaves and other branches and leaves that suddenly filled the streets. The little orange waste container didn’t stand a chance!
Municipal workers were surprisingly quick on the scene and kept the traffic flowing.
But I’m assuming all that ”green waste” went to landfill not compost. Pity.
/Jenny

တရက္သား က်မတို႔အဖြဲ႔. မိုးရြာၿပီး လမ္းေတြ ႐ုတ္တရက္ ေရလွ်ံတာနဲ႔ ၾကံဳရတယ္။ ရန္ကုန္မွာေပါ့။ လမ္းမေပၚ ထန္းလက္ေျခာက္ေတြ၊ တျခားအကိုင္းအခပ္ အရြက္ေပါင္းစံုနဲ႔ ရႈပ္ပြသြားလို႔ အံ႔ဩမိရေသး။
လိေမၼာ္ေရာင္ အမိႈက္ပံုးေလးလဲ အခြင့္မသာလိုက္။ ျမဴနီစီပယ္ လုပ္သားေတြ အံ႔ဩစရာေကာင္းေလာက္ေအာင္ျမန္ျမတ္ေရာက္လာၿပီး လမ္း႐ွင္းေပးၾကတယ္။ ဒါေပမယ့္ အဲဒိ စိမ္းစိမ္းလန္းလန္းပစၥည္းေတြအကုန္ အမိႈက္ထဲပဲေရာက္ၾကမွာ။ ရြက္ေဆြးေျမဩဇာလုပ္ၾကမွာ မဟုတ္ေလာက္ဘူးလို႔ က်မေတာ့ထင္မိ။

#bokashimyanmar #landfill #yangon #compost

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How EM works

Lactic acid bacteria, yeast and phototrophic bacteria contained in EM-1 have the ability to ferment organic substances. Compost fermented and decomposed by EM is broken down in the soil and absorbed by plants. Also, EM contains many useful components to promote plant growth.

What is EM?

EM is a people-friendly and environmentally safe product of EMRO (EM Research Organization) that achieves synergistic effects by combining beneficial microorganisms which exist in nature, such as lactic acid bacteria, yeast and phototrophic bacteria.

Carbon farming.

Carbon farming = getting organic matter into the soil instead of letting it become greenhouse gas.
Bokashi ticks the box, we just need to make it happen all over.
This is a great little film, worth watching!
/Jenny

#bokashimyanmar #bokashi #carbonfarming #makesoil #organicwaste

Making soil count.

THIS is why it’s so important to get organic material back into the soil where it belongs.
And THIS is why we’re starting Bokashi Myanmar.
Because it’s one of the most important things we have to do at the moment, here on our home planet.
/Jenny

ဩဂဲနစ္ပစၥည္းေတြကို သူပိုင္ဆိုင္ရာအမိေျမႀကီးဆီ ျပန္ပို႔ဖို႔ ဘာေၾကာင့္အေရးပါတာလဲဆိုတဲ့အေျဖက…ဒါပါပဲ။
ျမန္မာျပည္မွာ ဘိုကာ႐ွီပေရာဂ်တ္စတင္ရျခင္းရဲ႕အေၾကာင္းရင္းကလည္း ဒါေၾကာင့္ပါပဲ။
က်ေနာ္တို႔ေနထိုင္ရာအိမ္သဖြယ္ျဖစ္တဲ့ ဒီကမၻာေျမႀကီးေပၚ အေကာင္အထည္ေဖာ္ဖို႔ လတ္တေလာအေရးႀကီးဆံုးေတြထဲကတစ္ခုလည္းျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

#bokashimyanmar #makesoil #compost #bokashi #foodwaste

All in a pile.

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(ေအာက္မွာျမန္မာလိုပါေသးတယ္ေနာ္)

At the end of the day it all ends up in a pile, a sack, a basket and gets transported away to landfill.
I have to say the streets are impressively clean in the downtown area; the official and unofficial waste collectors do a good job.
But the sad thing is that so little gets recycled. And all the organic stuff is mixed with the non-organic stuff like plastic. Such a waste. We could make bokashi from it!
/Jenny

တေန႔တာအကုန္မွာေတာ့၊ အမိႈက္တစ္ထပ္ႀကီးအျဖစ္လမ္းဆံုးရ။ တစ္အိတ္၊ တစ္ပံုးစသည္အားျဖင့္ စုၿပီး အမိႈက္ပံုတဲ့ေနရာဆီ သယ္ေဆာင္သြားၾက။
အစိုးရဝန္ထမ္းေရာ၊ အစိုးရဝန္ထမ္းမဟုတ္တဲ့သူပါ အမိႈက္သိမ္းသူအားလံုးက အလုပ္ေကာင္းေကာင္းလုပ္ၾကတာမို႔ ရန္ကုန္ဟာ အထင္ႀကီးစဖြယ္သန္႔ျပန္႔ေနတာ ဝန္ခံရပါလိမ့္မယ္။
စိတ္မေကာင္းစရာကေတာ့ အမိႈက္ထဲက မျဖစ္စေလာက္ေလးကိုပဲ ျပန္လည္အသံုးခ် (recycle) လုပ္ေနၾကတာကိုပါ။
ေအာ္ဂဲနစ္အမိႈက္အားလံုးကလည္း ပလပ္စတစ္လိုမ်ိဳး ေအာ္ဂဲနစ္မဟုတ္တာေတြနဲ႔ ေရာေရာေႏွာေႏွာ။ တကယ္ဆံုးရံႈးတာပဲ။ ေအာ္ဂဲနစ္ေတြနဲ႔ ဘိုကာ႐ွီ လုပ္လို႔ရတယ္ေလဗ်ာ။

#bokashimyanmar #organicwaste #landfill #makesoil

At the end of the day.

32508773_2017505805181192_8983812376130224128_n(ေအာက္မွာျမန္မာလိုပါေသးတယ္ေနာ္)

Behind the scenes. Yangon is a big city, the markets are huge, and every day great loads of produce come in from the surrounding countryside.
By evening, there are waste piles by every stall. Mixed organic and non-organic, all headed for landfill.
/Jenny

ျမင္ကြင္းေတြရဲ႕ေနာက္ဝယ္…
ရန္ကုန္ကၿမိဳ႕အႀကီးႀကီး။ေဈးေတြကလည္းတကယ့္အႀကီးႀကီးေတြ။ ေန႔တိုင္းပဲ အနီးအနားေက်းလက္ေဒသေတြဆီကေန ထုတ္ကုန္အေျမာက္အမ်ားကဝင္လာေနၾက။
ညေနေလာက္ဆိုရင္ေတာ့
ဆိုင္တိုင္းဆိုင္တိုင္းရဲ႕ေဘးမွာ…ေအာ္ဂဲနစ္ေကာ ေအာ္ဂဲနစ္မဟုတ္တာပါ ေရာေႏွာထားၿပီး
အမိႈက္ပံုထဲေရာက္ရမယ့္ အပယ္ခံပစၥည္းေတြကတပံုတပင္။

#bokashimyanmar #yangonmarkets #foodwaste #bokashipotential

Setting up shop

(ေအာက္မွာျမန္မာလိုပါေသးတယ္ေနာ္ )

Setting up shop here doesn’t seem to be so be so hard. A cloth on the ground and a truckload of veggies brought in from the farm. But there’s a lot of competition, these markets in Yangon are big!
And at the end of the day there’s a neat pile of waste by each stand. We’d like to get our hands on it!
/Jenny

ဒီမွာဆိုင္ေထာင္ရတာသိပ္မခက္ခဲသလိုပါပဲ။
ေျမႀကီးေပၚအဝတ္တစ္စခင္း၊ ၿပီးေတာ့ စိုက္ခင္းထဲကသယ္လာတဲ့ကားတစ္စီးတိုက္စာေလာက္အသီးအႏွံေတြပံုလိုက္ရံု။ ဒါေပမယ့္ အၿပိဳင္အဆိုင္ေတာ့မ်ားသား။ ရန္ကုန္မွာ ေဈးေနရာေတြကႀကီးတာကိုး။
တေန႔တာကုန္ဆံုးခ်ိန္မွာေတာ့ တဆိုင္ခ်င္းဆီရဲ႕ေဘးမွာ သပ္သပ္ရပ္ရပ္ပံုထားတဲ့ အပယ္ခံသီးႏွံပံုေလးေတြကိုယ္ဆီနဲ႔။ အဲဒီစြန္႔ပစ္အသီးအရြက္ေတြကိုက်ေနာ္တို႔စီမံခ်င္တာ။